The legislation of more than 20 countries of the world allows its citizens not only to own, but also to carry short-barreled weapons.
In the United States, the right to own weapons is enshrined in the constitution, specific conditions are regulated at the regional level. Currently, concealed carrying of firearms is allowed in all states except Illinois. In 29 of them, you can also wear it openly without restrictions (not counting special zones-airports, schools, etc.), and in 14 more — if you receive a special permit. Usually, the minimum age for owning a long-barreled weapon is 18 years, short — barreled-21 years. Some states have special restrictions. For example, in California, you can buy no more than one barrel in 30 days.
In Israel, any citizen who has reached the age of 27 or has served in the army has the right to buy and own weapons. Firearms can be carried by drivers of public transport and taxis, jewelers, former employees of law enforcement agencies and others who need it for personal protection. At the same time, citizens can store no more than 50 bullets at home.
In Brazil, the minimum age for the purchase of weapons is 25 years. Submachine guns and some types of pistols are prohibited for sale. Wearing is allowed only to residents of rural areas of the country (about 20% of the population), if necessary. In case of obtaining a permit, the owner of a weapon, even a short-barreled one, is registered as a hunter.
In Estonia, citizens from the age of 21 can purchase, store and carry firearms (hidden and unloaded). Owners of more than eight units are required to equip a special storage facility with an alarm system. Collectors can own army weapons. A license can be suspended if its owner is caught drunk driving, even if he was not carrying a weapon.
In Yemen, citizens from the age of 18 are allowed to own any type of weapon. A license for possession is not required, only for carrying if there are sufficient grounds (work, position in society, etc.).
Federal rules for the possession of firearms in the United States
According to the current federal rules, firearms cannot be sold to people with mental problems, previously convicted of committing crimes (this also includes persons suspected of violating the law, being held responsible for domestic violence, etc.), drug addicts and non-citizens of the United States (there are exceptions, but there are few of them). Pistols can usually be purchased only for people over the age of 21, guns-after reaching the age of 18. When buying weapons in a store, the buyer fills out a special questionnaire, where his home address, place of work, etc.is entered, signs some documents (thus it is declared that all the information provided by him is accurate) and in some states leaves a thumbprint of his right hand. The buyer is also required to present his documents to the seller, in some states it is necessary to take a special training course before buying a weapon.
Federal law stipulates that the weapons sold must have certain characteristics. Since 1986, it has been prohibited to sell fully automatic weapons in the United States (however, submachine guns, machine guns, etc., issued before 1986, can remain in the possession of people and be sold by them privately). In 1994, another restriction was introduced – rapid-fire rifle magazines should not hold more than 10 rounds (accordingly, it is allowed to own and resell privately stores purchased before 1994).
Limit on the number of weapons
In 46 states, there are no restrictions on the purchase of the number of barrels. Only four states have a rule according to which a buyer can purchase one rifle (pistol, rifle, etc.) per month. In 43 states, the purchase of weapons does not require obtaining licenses or registration. In 44 states, the secondary market of weapons is not regulated in any way (that is, the owner of a pistol can freely sell it to anyone who wants). Also, you can safely buy cartridges with delivery directly to your home from various online stores. For example, BulkMunitions often make wholesale discounts on ammunition. In 27 states, the buyer is checked not only by the federal database of criminals, but also by the databases of the state itself (respectively, in 23 states, such a request is sent only to the federal authorities). 40 states prohibit counties and individual municipalities from passing laws that tighten or soften existing rules of this kind.
In seven US states (out of 50), there are no age restrictions for purchasing weapons from private sellers. 18 states do not set a minimum age for owning a firearm (that is, formally, a baby can own a gun). Another 13 states allow teenagers between the ages of 13 and 16 to own guns. Only four US states have legislation that stipulates that personal weapons must be stored in a specially equipped, safe place (for example, in a safe).
In 2000, the Open Society Institute for the first time compared the ” gun ” norms existing in various US states. The most stringent legislation could get 100 points. The study showed that the most severe rules apply in Massachusetts (received 76 points) and in Hawaii (71 points). Six more states (New York, Illinois, New Jersey, Maryland, Connecticut and California) have “moderate” rules (they scored from 27 to 53 points). 42 states scored less than 20 points, and 20 of them scored less than zero: the most relaxed rules for owning firearms exist in the states of Maine (minus 10 points), Louisiana and Alaska (minus 8 each).
According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 38 US states prohibit the carrying of weapons on school grounds. Another 16 have established a similar ban on university campuses (campuses). Some states leave these rules to the discretion of universities.
Every year, the number of weapons in private hands increases by 4.5 million barrels. Thus, the Americans have the largest private arsenal in the world.