Why Is The Problem of Human Trafficking So Relevant In The 21 Century

We live in a world that is full of social evils. From drugs to prostitution, various vices exist in our society. With the advent of technology and awareness, instead of progressing and going towards universal good, the Earth has deteriorated, and the crime rate has increased.

When it comes to the important issue of trafficking in persons, it has not only increased manifold in the 21st century but has led to an increase in other related crimes such as commercial sexual exploitation, physical violence, enslavement, etc. We all remember how 3,200 Yazidi women and girls were abducted in August 2014 in Sinjar and taken to Syria.

Once there, they were subjected to forced marriage, conversions, mental and physical abuse, and a lot more. Trafficking is not confined only to failed states or war-ridden states. It is a sad reality, but there is no country on Earth that is safe from sex trafficking.  

What is Trafficking?

Basically, in trafficking, you treat humans as goods and commodities that you can buy and sell. It is an international and global offense and has become an industry that profits from the exploitation of humans. It is comparable to modern slavery and is an important matter that is spread all over the international borders, from Eastern Europe to the Americas and all over Central Asia and East Asia.

Females, several million children, and even men are forced to work in unfit and inhumane conditions, even in modern times, for long unbearable hours, with little or no wage. If this isn’t captivity, then what is? In the past, enslavement was an economic practice, while trafficking is a criminal one.

Humans of particular ethnicity were exploited in bondage, while in trafficking, any person can become a victim. But what connects enslavement and human trafficking is the fact that at the end of the day, humans are exploited in both.

Trafficking and Females

According to stats from UNICEF, heaps of humans are trafficked around the world each year, and the cases keep increasing. It is a gendered offense, and the primary human trafficking victims are females. Almost 51% of these victims are females, including teenagers and adults. Moreover, it is a globe where women trafficking women has become the norm.

From sexual abuse to forced labor, young girls and children from both rich and poor countries fall into this trap. In direct violation of human rights, they lose their freedom and are forced to work in an inhumane state. UNODC report estimates that thousands of persons are trafficked each year, most of them being female.

This is the worst form of human violation, and those who are involved should be punished. Fighting trafficking and combating this heinous violation has never been more difficult and challenging as it is today. With the migration crisis raging all around the globe, refugees and migrants are vulnerable to smugglers preying on them and abusing their current life situation and their need to find a safe haven.

Factors that Contribute to Trafficking

No Lasting Legal Consequences

There are plenty of factors that fuel child trafficking. The foremost thing that fuels trafficking is the “high-reward low-risk” dynamic. With almost no fear of legal repercussions, human smugglers get to make a huge amount of money.

According to statistics, after the drug trade, it is the 2nd most profitable industry. What makes it even more profitable is the fact that drugs can be consumed only once, while humans can be traded over and over again.

With a fairly low number of prosecutions and no lasting legal consequences from law enforcement agencies, traffickers feel free to roam the streets and pick victims for their own benefit. Several research articles from PapersOwl indicate that since the criminals know that they will not be harshly persecuted, they keep on committing this heinous human violation.

Supply and Demand

The second factor that fuels human trafficking is the principle of supply and demand. In this industry, supply and demand are the same. Its humans want humans. When there is a high demand for something, there would be a high volume of supply.

In today’s world, the increased demand for cheap goods has created a demand for cheap workers from corporations. The human smugglers fulfill these needs by supplying humans who would work for pennies and will not even raise their voices against the injustice being done to them.

Secondly, the demand for sex has increased, especially with boys and girls. Therefore, there are individuals and sex organizations that recruit and exploit trafficked children. We need an organization that will support humans who are exploited in all forms from the minute things go south for these humans.

Systemic Inequalities

The third factor that contributes to trafficking is systemic disparities and inequalities. These inequalities make specific groups and individuals more vulnerable. Extreme poverty, conflict, lack of opportunities and education, etc. all push humans into situations of trafficking.

Combating Human Trafficking

Combating trafficking needs a two-pronged approach. Firstly, its practice needs to be criminalized. Secondly, we need to take a look at which factors contribute to trafficking and take measures to curb and eradicate those factors.

Things such as the Victims protection act do protect the rights of the people who have fallen for this heinous human violation. The United Nations General Assembly has also passed several resolutions. When it comes to combating trafficking, it is not about catching a few human smugglers and punishing them.

It means that we have to attack the main driving force that causes this human violation to occur in the first place. We need to take measures to address issues such as armed conflicts that cause mass migration, hunger, natural disasters, poverty, etc.

Child with eyes closed


Our lives have been changed with the advent of social media. Where social media has its advantages and has helped us a lot in our daily lives, it has its vices as well. Trafficking is facilitated through social media, and human smugglers use affection and love as controlling mechanisms.

Victims don’t even realize that they are falling into a trap until it’s too late.

Feminism in “Their Eyes Were Watching God”
Feminism in “Their Eyes Were Watching God”
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